Archives of Nethys

Pathfinder | Starfinder

<- Return to All Rules (Group by Source)
<- Return to Ability Scores

All Rules in Ability Scores

+ An entry marked with this has additional sections within it.

Carrying Capacity

Source PRPG Core Rulebook pg. 169
These carrying capacity rules determine how much a character’s equipment slows him down. Encumbrance comes in two parts: encumbrance by armor and encumbrance by total weight.

Encumbrance by Armor: A character’s armor determines his maximum Dexterity bonus to AC, armor check penalty, speed, and running speed (see Table 6–6). Unless your character is weak or carrying a lot of gear, that’s all you need to know; the extra gear your character carries won’t slow him down any more than the armor already does.

If your character is weak or carrying a lot of gear, however, then you’ll need to calculate encumbrance by weight. Doing so is most important when your character is trying to carry some heavy object.

Encumbrance by Weight: If you want to determine whether your character’s gear is heavy enough to slow him down more than his armor already does, total the weight of all the character’s items, including armor, weapons, and gear (see appropriate tables in Chapter 6). Compare this total to the character’s Strength on Table 7–4. Depending on the character’s carrying capacity, he or she may be carrying a light, medium, or heavy load. Like armor, a character’s load affects his maximum Dexterity bonus to AC, carries a check penalty (which works like an armor check penalty), reduces the character’s speed, and affects how fast the character can run, as shown on Table 7–5. A medium or heavy load counts as medium or heavy armor for the purpose of abilities or skills that are restricted by armor. Carrying a light load does not encumber a character.

If your character is wearing armor, use the worse figure (from armor or from load) for each category. Do not stack the penalties.

Lifting and Dragging: A character can lift as much as his maximum load over his head. A character’s maximum load is the highest amount of weight listed for a character’s Strength in the heavy load column of Table 7–4.

A character can lift as much as double his maximum load off the ground, but he or she can only stagger around with it. While overloaded in this way, the character loses any Dexterity bonus to AC and can move only 5 feet per round (as a full-round action).

A character can generally push or drag along the ground as much as five times his maximum load. Favorable conditions can double these numbers, and bad circumstances can reduce them by half or more.

Bigger and Smaller Creatures: The figures on Table 7–4 are for Medium bipedal creatures. A larger bipedal creature can carry more weight depending on its size category, as follows: Large ×2, Huge ×4, Gargantuan ×8, Colossal ×16. A smaller creature can carry less weight depending on its size category, as follows: Small ×3/4, Tiny ×1/2, Diminutive ×1/4, Fine ×1/8.

Quadrupeds can carry heavier loads than bipeds can. Multiply the values corresponding to the creature’s Strength score from Table 7–4 by the appropriate modifier, as follows: Fine ×1/4, Diminutive ×1/2, Tiny ×3/4, Small ×1, Medium ×1-1/2, Large ×3, Huge ×6, Gargantuan ×12, Colossal ×24.

Tremendous Strength: For Strength scores not shown on Table 7–4, find the Strength score between 20 and 29 that has the same number in the “ones” digit as the creature’s Strength score does and multiply the numbers in that row by 4 for every 10 points the creature’s Strength is above the score for that row.

Table 7-4: Carrying Capacity

Strength ScoreLight LoadMedium LoadHeavy Load
13 lbs. or less4-6 lbs.7-10 lbs.
26 lbs. or less7-13 lbs.14-20 lbs.
310 lbs. or less11-20 lbs.21-30 lbs.
413 lbs. or less13-26 lbs.27-40 lbs.
516 lbs. or less17-33 lbs.34-50 lbs.
620 lbs. or less21-40 lbs.41-60 lbs.
723 lbs. or less24-46 lbs.47-70 lbs.
826 lbs. or less27-53 lbs.54-80 lbs.
930 lbs. or less31-60 lbs.61-90 lbs.
1033 lbs. or less34-66 lbs.67-100 lbs.
1138 lbs. or less39-76 lbs.77-115 lbs.
1243 lbs. or less44-86 lbs.87-130 lbs.
1350 lbs. or less51-100 lbs.101-150 lbs.
1458 lbs. or less59-116 lbs.117-175 lbs.
1566 lbs. or less67-134 lbs.134-200 lbs.
1676 lbs. or less77-153 lbs.154-230 lbs.
1786 lbs. or less87-173 lbs.174-260 lbs.
18100 lbs. or less101-200 lbs.201-300 lbs.
19116 lbs. or less117-233 lbs.234-350 lbs.
20133 lbs. or less134-266 lbs.267-400 lbs.
21153 lbs. or less154-306 lbs.307-460 lbs.
22173 lbs. or less174-346 lbs.347-520 lbs.
23200 lbs. or less201-400 lbs.401-600 lbs.
24233 lbs. or less234-466 lbs.467-700 lbs.
25266 lbs. or less267-533 lbs.534-800 lbs.
26306 lbs. or less307-613 lbs.614-920 lbs.
27346 lbs. or less347-693 lbs.694-1,040 lbs.
28400 lbs. or less401-800 lbs.801-1,200 lbs.
29466 lbs. or less467-933 lbs.934-1,400 lbs.
+10×4×4×4

Table 7-5: Encumbrance Effects

Speed
LoadMax DexCheck Penalty(30 ft.)(20 ft.)Run
Medium+3-320 ft.15 ft.×4
Heavy+1-620 ft.15 ft.×3

Armor and Encumbrance for Other Base Speeds

The table below provides reduced speed figures for all basespeeds from 5 feet to 120 feet (in 5-foot increments).
Base SpeedReduced Speed
5 ft.5 ft.
10 ft.-15 ft.10 ft.
20 ft.15 ft.
25 ft.-30 ft.ft.20 ft.
35 ft.25 ft.
40 ft.-45 ft.30 ft.
50 ft.35 ft.
55 ft.-60 ft.40 ft.
65 ft.45 ft.
70 ft.-75 ft.50 ft.
80 ft.55 ft.
85 ft.-90 ft.60 ft.
95 ft.65 ft.
100 ft.-105 ft.70 ft.
110 ft.75 ft.
115 ft.-120 ft.80 ft.