Source Bestiary 2 pg. 100 Between this dragon’s jetblack scales run glowing rivulets of lava, and veins aglow with heat shine in the membranes of its wings.
Though chromatic and metallic dragons are the most widely known, other categories of true dragon exist. Presented on the following pages are the five primal dragons—powerful creatures that hail from the elemental planes and the Plane of Shadows.Age Categories Many of a true dragon's abilities, attacks, and other statistics improve as a dragon grows older. These increases are divided into 12 age categories—as a dragon ages, its base statistics change as noted on the Dragon Age Categories table.
Age Category  Age in Years  CR  Size  Hit Dice  Natural Armor  Breath Weapon  1 Wyrmling  0–5  Base  Base  Base  Base  Base  2 Very young  6–15  Base + 2  Base + 1  Base + 2  Base + 3  Base × 2  3 Young  16–25  Base + 4  Base + 2  Base + 4  Base + 6  Base × 3  4 Juvenile  26–50  Base + 5  Base + 2  Base + 6  Base + 9  Base × 4  5 Young adult  51–100  Base + 7  Base + 3  Base + 8  Base + 12  Base × 5  6 Adult  101–200  Base + 8  Base + 3  Base + 10  Base + 15  Base × 6  7 Mature adult  201–400  Base + 9  Base + 3  Base + 12  Base + 18  Base × 7  8 Old  401–600  Base + 11  Base + 4  Base + 14  Base + 21  Base × 8  9 Very old  601–800  Base + 12  Base + 4  Base + 16  Base + 24  Base × 9  10 Ancient  801–1,000  Base + 13  Base + 4  Base + 18  Base + 27  Base × 10  11 Wyrm  1,001–1,200  Base + 14  Base + 4  Base + 20  Base + 30  Base × 11  12 Great wyrm  1,201+  Base + 16  Base + 5  Base + 22  Base + 33  Base × 12 
Age Category: This is the age category's name. Age in Years: This is the dragon's actual age. CR: This column modifies the dragon's base CR. Size: This shows how many size categories by which to increase the dragon's base size, depending on its age (from Tiny to Small, Small to Medium, and so on). A true dragon does not gain the standard increases to ability scores when it achieves a larger size—instead, true dragons gain ability score increases according to their age category, as indicated on the Dragon Ability Scores table. Hit Dice: This shows how many additional Hit Dice a dragon gains over its base Hit Dice as it grows. Increases to Hit Dice grant extra hit points, feats, and skill ranks as well as increase the dragon's base attack bonus and base save bonuses. Dragons have skill ranks equal to 6 + their Intelligence modifier per Hit Die. A dragon's increases to ability scores for gaining Hit Dice are included in the total ability score increases (see the Dragon Ability Scores table). Natural Armor: This shows by what amount the dragon's base natural armor bonus increases with each age category. Breath Weapon: Each dragon has a breath weapon (see Combat) that deals a base amount of damage. This multiplier increases the number of dice of damage dealt by the dragon's breath weapon. For example, a mature adult dragon with a base breath weapon that deals 2d6 acid damage would deal 14d6 acid damage (due to the ×7 multiplier).
Age Category  Str  Dex  Con  Int  Wis  Chr  1 Wyrmling  Base  Base  Base  Base  Base  Base  2 Very young  Base + 4  Base – 2  Base + 2  Base + 2  Base + 2  Base + 2  3 Young  Base + 8  Base – 2  Base + 4  Base + 2  Base + 2  Base + 2  4 Juvenile  Base + 10  Base – 2  Base + 6  Base + 4  Base + 4  Base + 4  5 Young adult  Base + 12  Base – 4  Base + 6  Base + 4  Base + 4  Base + 4  6 Adult  Base + 14  Base – 4  Base + 8  Base + 6  Base + 6  Base + 6  7 Mature adult  Base + 16  Base – 4  Base + 8  Base + 6  Base + 6  Base + 6  8 Old  Base + 18  Base – 6  Base + 10  Base + 8  Base + 8  Base + 8  9 Very old  Base + 20  Base – 6  Base + 10  Base + 8  Base + 8  Base + 8  10 Ancient  Base + 22  Base – 6  Base + 12  Base + 10  Base + 10  Base + 10  11 Wyrm  Base + 24  Base – 8  Base + 12  Base + 10  Base + 10  Base + 10  12 Great wyrm  Base + 26  Base – 8  Base + 14  Base + 12  Base + 12  Base + 12  Combat The Dragon Attacks and Speeds table lists the attacks a dragon can employ and the damage it deals (a dash indicates that a dragon of that size does not possess that natural attack). Other abilities described here are gained by dragons when they reach a specific age category.
Size  Fly Speed (maneuverability)  1 Bite  2 Claws  2 Wings  1 Tail Slap  1 Crush  1 Tail Sweep  Breath Weapon  Line  Cone  Tiny  100 ft. (average)  1d4  1d3  —  —  —  —  30 ft.  15 ft.  Small  150 ft. (average)  1d6  1d4  —  —  —  —  40 ft.  20 ft.  Medium  150 ft. (average)  1d8  1d6  1d4  —  —  —  60 ft.  30 ft.  Large  200 ft. (poor)  2d6  1d8  1d6  1d8  —  —  80 ft.  40 ft.  Huge  200 ft. (poor)  2d8  2d6  1d8  2d6  2d8  —  100 ft.  50 ft.  Gargantuan  250 ft. (clumsy)  4d6  2d8  2d6  2d8  4d6  2d6  120 ft.  60 ft.  Colossal  250 ft. (clumsy)  4d8  4d6  2d8  4d6  4d8  2d8  140 ft.  70 ft.  Fly Speed: A dragon's fly speed increases as indicated, according to its size. Bite: This is a primary attack that deals the indicated damage plus 11/2 times the dragon's Strength bonus (even though it has more than one attack). A dragon's bite attack has reach as if the creature were one size category larger (+10 feet for Colossal dragons). Claws: These primary attacks deal the indicated damage plus the dragon's Strength bonus. Wings: The dragon can slam foes with its wings, even when flying. Wing attacks are secondary attacks that deal the indicated damage plus 1/2 the dragon's Strength bonus. Tail Slap: The dragon can slap one foe each round with its tail. A tail slap is a secondary attack that deals the indicated damage plus 11/2 times the dragon's Strength bonus (this is an exception to the normal secondary attack rules). Crush (Ex): A flying or jumping Huge or larger dragon can land on foes as a standard action, using its whole body to crush them. Crush attacks are effective only against opponents three or more size categories smaller than the dragon. A crush attack affects as many creatures as fit in the dragon's space. Creatures in the affected area must succeed on a Reflex save (DC equal to that of the dragon's breath weapon) or be pinned, automatically taking bludgeoning damage during the next round unless the dragon moves off them. If the dragon chooses to maintain the pin, it must succeed at a combat maneuver check as normal. Pinned foes take damage from the crush each round if they don't escape. A crush attack deals the indicated damage plus 11/2 times the dragon's Strength bonus. Tail Sweep (Ex): This allows a Gargantuan or larger dragon to sweep with its tail as a standard action. The sweep affects a halfcircle with a radius of 30 feet (or 40 feet for a Colossal dragon), extending from an intersection on the edge of the dragon's space in any direction. Creatures within the swept area are affected if they are four or more size categories smaller than the dragon. A tail sweep automatically deals the indicated damage plus 11/2 times the dragon's Strength bonus (round down). Affected creatures can attempt Reflex saves to take half damage (DC equal to that of the dragon's breath weapon). Breath Weapon (Su): Using a breath weapon is a standard action. A dragon can use its breath weapon once every 1d4 rounds, even if it possesses more than one breath weapon. A breath weapon always starts at an intersection adjacent to the dragon and extends in a direction of the dragon's choice. Breath weapons come in two shapes, lines and cones, whose areas vary with the dragon's size. If a breath weapon deals damage, those caught in the area can attempt Reflex saves to take half damage. The save DC against a breath weapon is 10 + 1/2 dragon's HD + dragon's Con modifier. Saves against various breath weapons use the same DC; the type of saving throw is noted in the variety descriptions. A dragon can use its breath weapon when it is grappling or being grappled. Additional Dragon Rules Dragon Senses (Ex): Dragons have darkvision 120 ft. and blindsense 60 ft. They see four times as well as a human in dim light and twice as well in normal light. Frightful Presence (Ex): A dragon's frightful presence has a range equal to 30 feet × the dragon's age category, but otherwise functions as detailed in the Universal Monster Rules. Spells: A dragon knows and casts arcane spells as a sorcerer of the level indicated in its specific description. Its caster level depends on its age, as shown for each type. SpellLike Abilities: A dragon's caster level for its spelllike abilities is equal to its total Hit Dice. Damage Reduction: Dragons gain damage reduction as they age, as indicated on each dragon's specific entry. Their natural weapons are treated as magic weapons for the purpose of overcoming damage reduction. Immunities (Ex): Every dragon is immune to sleep and paralysis. In addition, a dragon is immune to one or two additional forms of attack no matter what its age, as given in its description. Spell Resistance (Ex): As dragons grow older, they become more resistant to spells and spelllike abilities, as indicated in the dragon descriptions. A dragon's SR is equal to 11 + its CR.Magma Dragon CN dragon (extraplanar, fire) Base Statistics CR 4; Size Tiny; Hit Dice 5d12 Speed 40 ft. Natural Armor +4; Breath Weapon cone, 2d6 fire Str 13, Dex 16, Con 13, Int 12, Wis 12, Cha 11 Ecology Environment any mountains or underground (Plane of Fire) Organization solitary Treasure triple Special Abilities
Magma Tomb (Su) Once per day, a great wyrm magma dragon can spit lava onto a target within 120 feet, dealing damage normally for its breath weapon. This magma cools instantly—it does not continue doing damage at this point but does entrap the victim (see universal monster rules in appendix; DC equals the dragon's breath weapon save DC, 3d6 minutes, hardness 8, hp 45).
Magma Breath (Su) Three times per day, an ancient or older magma dragon can breathe a cone of lava instead of fire. The damage is unchanged, but the magma clings to those it damages, dealing half damage each round thereafter for 1d3 rounds. After this magma cools, it crumbles to dust.
SpellLike Abilities (Sp) A magma dragon gains the following spelllike abilities, usable at will (unless indicated otherwise) on reaching the listed age category. Very young—burning hands; Juvenile—scorching ray; Adult—wall of fire; Old—fire shield (warm shield, constant); Ancient—delayed blast fireball (3/day); Great wyrm—wall of lava.
Superheated (Su) At young age and older, a magma dragon's bite attack deals additional fire damage equal to its age category.
Age Category  Special Abilities  Caster Level  Wyrmling  Immune to fire, vulnerable to cold  —  Very young  Burning hands  —  Young  Superheated  1st  Juvenile  Scorching ray  3rd  Young adult  DR 5/magic, spell resistance  5th  Adult  Frightful presence, wall of fire  7th  Mature adult  DR 10/magic  9th  Old  Fire shield  11th  Very old  DR 15/magic  13th  Ancient  Magma breath, delayed blast fireball  15th  Wyrm  DR 20/magic  17th  Great wyrm  Magma tomb, wall of lava  19th 
Creatures in "Dragon (Primal, Magma)" CategoryDragon (Primal, Magma), Young Magma DragonYoung Magma Dragon CR 8Source Bestiary 2 pg. 100 XP 4,800 CN Medium dragon (extraplanar, fire)
Init +6; Senses dragon senses; Perception +14
DefenseAC 22, touch 12, flatfooted 20 (+2 Dex, +10 natural)
hp 85 (9d12+27)
Fort +11, Ref +8, Will +10
Immune fire, paralysis, sleep
Weaknesses vulnerable to cold
OffenseSpeed 40 ft., fly 150 ft. (average)
Melee bite +17 (1d8+12 plus 3 fire), 2 claws +17 (1d6+8), 2 wings +12 (1d4+4)
Special Attacks breath weapon (30ft. cone, 6d6 fire, DC 17)
SpellLike Abilities (CL 9th; concentration +10) At will—burning hands (DC 12)
Spells Known (CL 1st; concentration +2)
1st (4/day)—flare burst (DC 12), grease (DC 12)
0 (at will)—bleed (DC 11), detect magic, open/close, spark
StatisticsStr 21, Dex 14, Con 17, Int 14, Wis 14, Cha 13
Base Atk +9; CMB +14; CMD 26 (30 vs. trip)
Feats Great Fortitude, Improved Initiative, Iron Will, Power Attack, Vital Strike Skills Acrobatics +11 (+15 jump), Climb +17, Fly +14, Intimidate +13, Perception +14, Sense Motive +14, Stealth +14, Swim +17
Languages Common, Draconic, Ignan
SQ superheated
EcologyEnvironment any mountains or underground (Plane of Fire) Organization solitary Treasure tripleDescriptionTemperamental and prone to violent outbursts, magma dragons are regarded by most other dragons as dangerously insane—an assumption that, more often than not, proves correct. One can rarely predict a magma dragon’s state of mind until it either attacks or attempts to engage in conversation. For their part, magma dragons can justify all of their actions—they just rarely feel the need to do so.
