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Dragon (Primal, Brine)

Source Bestiary 2 pg. 94
A blue-green neck frill sweeps back from the head of this dragon, leading to a body of shiny scales and fin-like crests.

Though chromatic and metallic dragons are the most widely known, other categories of true dragon exist. Presented on the following pages are the five primal dragons—powerful creatures that hail from the elemental planes and the Plane of Shadows.

Age Categories

Many of a true dragon's abilities, attacks, and other statistics improve as a dragon grows older. These increases are divided into 12 age categories—as a dragon ages, its base statistics change as noted on the Dragon Age Categories table.

Age Category Age in Years CR Size Hit Dice Natural Armor Breath Weapon
1 Wyrmling0–5BaseBaseBaseBaseBase
2 Very young6–15Base + 2Base + 1Base + 2Base + 3Base × 2
3 Young16–25Base + 4Base + 2Base + 4Base + 6Base × 3
4 Juvenile26–50Base + 5Base + 2Base + 6Base + 9Base × 4
5 Young adult51–100Base + 7Base + 3Base + 8Base + 12Base × 5
6 Adult101–200Base + 8Base + 3Base + 10Base + 15Base × 6
7 Mature adult201–400Base + 9Base + 3Base + 12Base + 18Base × 7
8 Old401–600Base + 11Base + 4Base + 14Base + 21Base × 8
9 Very old601–800Base + 12Base + 4Base + 16Base + 24Base × 9
10 Ancient801–1,000Base + 13Base + 4Base + 18Base + 27Base × 10
11 Wyrm1,001–1,200Base + 14Base + 4Base + 20Base + 30Base × 11
12 Great wyrm1,201+Base + 16Base + 5Base + 22Base + 33Base × 12

Age Category: This is the age category's name.
Age in Years: This is the dragon's actual age.
CR: This column modifies the dragon's base CR.
Size: This shows how many size categories by which to increase the dragon's base size, depending on its age (from Tiny to Small, Small to Medium, and so on). A true dragon does not gain the standard increases to ability scores when it achieves a larger size—instead, true dragons gain ability score increases according to their age category, as indicated on the Dragon Ability Scores table.
Hit Dice: This shows how many additional Hit Dice a dragon gains over its base Hit Dice as it grows. Increases to Hit Dice grant extra hit points, feats, and skill ranks as well as increase the dragon's base attack bonus and base save bonuses. Dragons have skill ranks equal to 6 + their Intelligence modifier per Hit Die. A dragon's increases to ability scores for gaining Hit Dice are included in the total ability score increases (see the Dragon Ability Scores table).
Natural Armor: This shows by what amount the dragon's base natural armor bonus increases with each age category.
Breath Weapon: Each dragon has a breath weapon (see Combat) that deals a base amount of damage. This multiplier increases the number of dice of damage dealt by the dragon's breath weapon. For example, a mature adult dragon with a base breath weapon that deals 2d6 acid damage would deal 14d6 acid damage (due to the ×7 multiplier).

Age Category Str Dex Con Int Wis Chr
1 WyrmlingBaseBaseBaseBaseBaseBase
2 Very youngBase + 4Base – 2Base + 2Base + 2Base + 2Base + 2
3 YoungBase + 8Base – 2Base + 4Base + 2Base + 2Base + 2
4 JuvenileBase + 10Base – 2Base + 6Base + 4Base + 4Base + 4
5 Young adultBase + 12Base – 4Base + 6Base + 4Base + 4Base + 4
6 AdultBase + 14Base – 4Base + 8Base + 6Base + 6Base + 6
7 Mature adultBase + 16Base – 4Base + 8Base + 6Base + 6Base + 6
8 OldBase + 18Base – 6Base + 10Base + 8Base + 8Base + 8
9 Very oldBase + 20Base – 6Base + 10Base + 8Base + 8Base + 8
10 AncientBase + 22Base – 6Base + 12Base + 10Base + 10Base + 10
11 WyrmBase + 24Base – 8Base + 12Base + 10Base + 10Base + 10
12 Great wyrmBase + 26Base – 8Base + 14Base + 12Base + 12Base + 12

Combat

The Dragon Attacks and Speeds table lists the attacks a dragon can employ and the damage it deals (a dash indicates that a dragon of that size does not possess that natural attack). Other abilities described here are gained by dragons when they reach a specific age category.

Size Fly Speed (maneuverability) 1 Bite 2 Claws 2 Wings 1 Tail Slap 1 Crush 1 Tail Sweep Breath Weapon
Line Cone
Tiny100 ft. (average)1d41d330 ft.15 ft.
Small150 ft. (average)1d61d440 ft.20 ft.
Medium150 ft. (average)1d81d61d460 ft.30 ft.
Large200 ft. (poor)2d61d81d61d880 ft.40 ft.
Huge200 ft. (poor)2d82d61d82d62d8100 ft.50 ft.
Gargantuan250 ft. (clumsy)4d62d82d62d84d62d6120 ft.60 ft.
Colossal250 ft. (clumsy)4d84d62d84d64d82d8140 ft.70 ft.

Fly Speed: A dragon's fly speed increases as indicated, according to its size.
Bite: This is a primary attack that deals the indicated damage plus 1-1/2 times the dragon's Strength bonus (even though it has more than one attack). A dragon's bite attack has reach as if the creature were one size category larger (+10 feet for Colossal dragons).
Claws: These primary attacks deal the indicated damage plus the dragon's Strength bonus.
Wings: The dragon can slam foes with its wings, even when flying. Wing attacks are secondary attacks that deal the indicated damage plus 1/2 the dragon's Strength bonus.
Tail Slap: The dragon can slap one foe each round with its tail. A tail slap is a secondary attack that deals the indicated damage plus 1-1/2 times the dragon's Strength bonus (this is an exception to the normal secondary attack rules).
Crush (Ex): A flying or jumping Huge or larger dragon can land on foes as a standard action, using its whole body to crush them. Crush attacks are effective only against opponents three or more size categories smaller than the dragon. A crush attack affects as many creatures as fit in the dragon's space. Creatures in the affected area must succeed on a Reflex save (DC equal to that of the dragon's breath weapon) or be pinned, automatically taking bludgeoning damage during the next round unless the dragon moves off them. If the dragon chooses to maintain the pin, it must succeed at a combat maneuver check as normal. Pinned foes take damage from the crush each round if they don't escape. A crush attack deals the indicated damage plus 1-1/2 times the dragon's Strength bonus.
Tail Sweep (Ex): This allows a Gargantuan or larger dragon to sweep with its tail as a standard action. The sweep affects a half-circle with a radius of 30 feet (or 40 feet for a Colossal dragon), extending from an intersection on the edge of the dragon's space in any direction. Creatures within the swept area are affected if they are four or more size categories smaller than the dragon. A tail sweep automatically deals the indicated damage plus 1-1/2 times the dragon's Strength bonus (round down). Affected creatures can attempt Reflex saves to take half damage (DC equal to that of the dragon's breath weapon).
Breath Weapon (Su): Using a breath weapon is a standard action. A dragon can use its breath weapon once every 1d4 rounds, even if it possesses more than one breath weapon. A breath weapon always starts at an intersection adjacent to the dragon and extends in a direction of the dragon's choice. Breath weapons come in two shapes, lines and cones, whose areas vary with the dragon's size. If a breath weapon deals damage, those caught in the area can attempt Reflex saves to take half damage. The save DC against a breath weapon is 10 + 1/2 dragon's HD + dragon's Con modifier. Saves against various breath weapons use the same DC; the type of saving throw is noted in the variety descriptions. A dragon can use its breath weapon when it is grappling or being grappled.

Additional Dragon Rules

Dragon Senses (Ex): Dragons have darkvision 120 ft. and blindsense 60 ft. They see four times as well as a human in dim light and twice as well in normal light.
Frightful Presence (Ex): A dragon's frightful presence has a range equal to 30 feet × the dragon's age category, but otherwise functions as detailed in the Universal Monster Rules.
Spells: A dragon knows and casts arcane spells as a sorcerer of the level indicated in its specific description. Its caster level depends on its age, as shown for each type.
Spell-Like Abilities: A dragon's caster level for its spell-like abilities is equal to its total Hit Dice.
Damage Reduction: Dragons gain damage reduction as they age, as indicated on each dragon's specific entry. Their natural weapons are treated as magic weapons for the purpose of overcoming damage reduction.
Immunities (Ex): Every dragon is immune to sleep and paralysis. In addition, a dragon is immune to one or two additional forms of attack no matter what its age, as given in its description.
Spell Resistance (Ex): As dragons grow older, they become more resistant to spells and spell-like abilities, as indicated in the dragon descriptions. A dragon's SR is equal to 11 + its CR.

Brine Dragon

LN dragon (extraplanar, water)

Base Statistics

CR 3; Size Tiny; Hit Dice 4d12
Speed 60 ft., swim 60 ft.
Natural Armor +3; Breath Weapon line, 2d6 acid
Str 16, Dex 15, Con 11, Int 13, Wis 10, Cha 11

Ecology

Environment any aquatic (Plane of Water)
Organization solitary
Treasure triple

Special Abilities

Capsize (Ex) An old or older brine dragon can attempt to capsize a boat or ship by ramming it as a charge attack and making a CMB check. The DC of this check is 25 or the result of the boat captain's Profession (sailor) check, whichever is higher. For each size category larger the ship is than the brine dragon's size, the dragon takes a cumulative –10 penalty on the check.
Desiccating Bite (Su) An ancient brine dragon's bite causes weakness, dealing 1d2 points of Strength drain in addition to its normal damage. A great wyrm's bite deals 1d4 points of Strength drain. A Fortitude save (DC equals the dragon's breath weapon save DC) negates the Strength drain.
Painful Strikes (Su) A great wyrm brine dragon's natural attacks are so laden with salt and acidic crystals that every time it strikes a creature with one of these attacks, the target must make a Fortitude save (DC equals the dragon's breath weapon save DC) or be stunned for a round from the pain.
Spell-like Abilities (Sp) A brine dragon gains the following spell-like abilities, usable at will (unless indicated otherwise) at the listed age. Very young—speak with animals (fish only); Young—obscuring mist; Juvenile—water breathing; Adult—control water; Ancient—horrid wilting (3/day); Great wyrm—tsunami (3/day).

Age Category Special Abilities Caster Level
WyrmlingImmunity to acid, water breathing
Very youngSpeak with animals (fish only)
YoungObscuring mist1st
JuvenileWater breathing3rd
Young adultDR 5/magic, spell resistance5th
AdultFrightful presence, control water7th
Mature adultDR 10/magic9th
OldCapsize11th
Very oldDR 15/magic13th
AncientDesiccating bite, horrid wilting15th
WyrmDR 20/magic17th
Great wyrmPainful strikes, tsunami19th

Creatures in "Dragon (Primal, Brine)" Category

NameCR
Adult Brine Dragon11
Ancient Brine Dragon16
Young Brine Dragon7

Dragon (Primal, Brine), Adult Brine Dragon

Adult Brine Dragon CR 11

Source Bestiary 2 pg. 94
XP 12,800
LN Large dragon (extraplanar, water)
Init +4; Senses dragon senses; Perception +20
Aura frightful presence (180 ft., DC 20)

Defense

AC 27, touch 9, flat-footed 27 (+18 natural, –1 size)
hp 147 (14d12+56)
Fort +13, Ref +11, Will +12
DR 5/magic; Immune acid, paralysis, sleep; SR 22

Offense

Speed 60 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
Melee bite +23 (2d6+15), 2 claws +23 (1d8+10), tail slap +18 (1d8+15), 2 wings +18 (1d6+5)
Space 10 ft., Reach 5 ft. (10 ft. with bite)
Special Attacks breath weapon (80-ft. line, 12d6 acid, DC 21)
Spell-Like Abilities (CL 14th; concentration +17)
At will—control water, obscuring mist, speak with animals (fish only), water breathing
Spells Known (CL 7th; concentration +10)
3rd (5/day)—aqueous orb (DC 16), sleet storm (DC 16)
2nd (7/day)—alter self, invisibility, slipstream
1st (7/day)—color spray (DC 14), feather fall, flare burst (DC 14), ray of enfeeblement (DC 14), touch of the sea
0 (at will)—detect magic, detect poison, mage hand, open/close, prestidigitation, read magic, resistance

Statistics

Str 30, Dex 11, Con 19, Int 19, Wis 16, Cha 17
Base Atk +14; CMB +25; CMD 35 (39 vs. trip)
Feats Hover, Improved Initiative, Improved Vital Strike, Lightning Reflexes, Power Attack, Skill Focus (swim), Vital Strike
Skills Bluff +20, Diplomacy +20, Fly +11, Heal +20, Knowledge (arcana and nature) +21, Perception +20, Sense Motive +20, Survival +20, Swim +41
Languages Aquan, Common, Draconic, Elven, Halfling
SQ water breathing

Ecology

Environment any aquatic (Plane of Water)
Organization solitary
Treasure triple

Although not inherently evil, brine dragons have little patience for kindness and philanthropy. As they age, they grow more and more opinionated and obsessed with power—by adult age, a brine dragon counts itself a failure if it doesn't rule over a collection of “lesser beings” such as humans, merfolk, locathah, or even sahuagin.